The triple bottom line (TBL) is an accounting framework that considers three dimensions of performance: social, environmental (or ecological), and financial. It recognizes that businesses have impacts and responsibilities beyond just generating profit. The three dimensions, often referred to as the ''3Ps,'' stand for People, Planet, and Profit.
- People: The social dimension of the triple bottom line focuses on the well-being of people, both within and outside the organization. It encompasses factors such as labor practices, human rights, employee welfare, diversity and inclusion, community engagement, and social equity. Companies that prioritize the ''people'' aspect strive to create positive social impacts and contribute to the betterment of society.
- Planet: The environmental dimension of the triple bottom line addresses the impact of business activities on the natural environment. It involves considerations such as resource consumption, waste management, pollution control, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable use of natural resources. Businesses that emphasize the ''planet'' aspect aim to operate in an environmentally responsible and sustainable manner.
- Profit: The financial dimension of the triple bottom line focuses on economic performance and profitability. It recognizes that businesses need to be financially viable to sustain their operations and create value for shareholders. While profit is an essential aspect, it is viewed within the context of social and environmental responsibilities. The goal is to achieve long-term profitability while simultaneously considering the well-being of people and the planet.